Biological diversity refers to the variety of living plants, animals and other organisms, the ecosystems in which they occur and the processes that keep them functioning.
Biodiversity has been lost through the fragmentation and degradation of ecosystems due to changes in land use, vegetation clearance, grazing by livestock and feral animals, weed invasion and altered fire regimes.
Successful management of the natural environment requires the active involvement of the community. Whether you have a large amount of land in a rural area or a small “lifestyle” farm, you can help protect the environment and add interest to your surroundings. Below is a list of things you can do to either preserve the remaining biodiversity on your property, or enhance the quality of your native bushland.
Protect native vegetation through weed control.
Remove grazing pressure and fence native vegetation, rivers, wetlands and streams from stock. This allows native plants to regenerate and provide habitat for native insects and animals.
Leave dead trees standing, particularly those with hollows as these provide homes for birds and animals such as possums and bats.
Report any unusual plants that appear to be invading your native vegetation to your local Natural Resources Management Board.
Control environmental weeds and feral animals such as rabbits, foxes, cats and goats. They compete with native animals or eat native plants and prevent recruitment.
Re-establish native vegetation through natural regeneration or revegetation.
Protect existing native vegetation areas through the Heritage Agreement Scheme.
Establish wildlife corridors to link larger areas of native vegetation.
Minimise the spread of weeds and plant diseases, contact your local Natural Resources Management Board for assistance.
Local Case Studies (coming soon!)
Natural regeneration after woody weed removal
Revegetation to buffer adjacent bushland at Basket Range
Olive removal at Montacute
Fence off bushland from stock to encourage natural regeneration at Summertown